Book of Daniel Summary
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Chapter 8hapter 8: Daniel has another vision in the third year of the reign of king Belshazzar. He sees himself in the palace of Shushan, in the province of Elam near the river of Ulai. Beside the river stood a ram with two horns, but another, higher horn rose. The ram pushes west, north and south and conquors all other beasts before him. He does as he will and his power and arrogance grows.

Suddenly, a he-goat comes from the west. He seems to cover the whole earth and his feet do not touch the ground. This goat had a horn between his eyes and approached the ram which stood near the river. He attacks the ram and breaks his two horns. The ram is powerless against the goat and he is trampled under his feet.

The goat grows strong and the great horn is broken. In it's place grew four horns toward the four winds of heaven. Out of one of the four grows another small horn which grows exceedingly great toward the south, and toward the east, and toward the glorious land.

Sunset on Babylon by Raphael-LacosteIt grew so large it cast down some stars and host of heaven to the ground and trampled them. It continued to grow until it overwhelmed the prince of the host and knocked over the burnt offerings and cast down the sanctuary. Even truth is cast down to the ground. The holy ones wonder how long this can go on, And he said unto me, "Unto two thousand and three hundred evenings and mornings; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed."

Gabriel speaks to Daniel to help him understand what he has seen. He tells him these are visions the end times. He says that the ram with two horns are the kings of Media and Persia. The he-goat is the king of Greece. The great horn between his eyes is the first king. The broken horn which four grew back represents four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not with his power.

Toward the end of the kingdoms days a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up. This king will be a destroyer of the mighty and the holy. His arrogance will kill many and he will attempt to stand against the Prince of Princes but will finally be broken.

Daniel knows these visions are of some future time. He faints and is sick for a several days, but recovers and returns to doing the kings business. "I wondered at the vision, but none understood it."

Chapter 9: In the first year of Darius's reign over the Chaldeans, Daniel is familiar with the prophecy of Jeremiah and knows the Hebrews' seventy year period of exile is coming to an end. He is fasting and praying for the forgiveness for the sins of Israel and a return to Jerusalem. While he prays, Gabriel returns to him to bring wisdom and understanding.

 He tells him that seventy weeks of exile will be required to atone for the transgressions of Israel and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. 

He reveals that the length of time from the commandment to build and restore Jerusalem until the arrival of the anointed one, the Prince, would be seven weeks and the city would be rebuilt in sixty-two weeks, even in troublesome times. After sixty two weeks the anointed one be cut off, and shall have nothing. The people will destroy the city and the sanctuary. Wars will rage until the end comes with a flood.

He will make a firm promise to many which will last one week. During that week, there will be no sacrifices or obligations and on the wing of abominations shall come one that maketh desolate; and even unto the full end, and that determined, shall wrath be poured out upon the desolate.

Chapter 10: In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia Daniel has another vision during a time of mourning and fasting. On the twenty fourth day he is beside the river Hiddekel and saw a man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with pure gold of Uphaz: his body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as flaming torches, and his arms and his feet like unto burnished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude.

Then men with Daniel did not see the vision, but they were afraid so they ran away, leaving Daniel alone. He is told he will fight the prince of Persia and after he leaves, the prince of Greece will come. The archangel Michael will help them prevail.

Belshazzar's Feast by Rembrandt (1635)Chapter 11: Daniel is told there will be three more kings of Persia. The fourth will be far richer than the others and grow strong and stir up trouble against Greece. A later king will rule with great dominion. His kingdom will be broken but not his family and they will return to power. The daughter of the king of the south will marry the king of the north. She and her family will perish, but from her, a son will be born who will rise up and prevail against the king of the north and carry away their gods and vessels to Egypt.

Generations of kings of the north and south wage war. Kingdoms earned through battle, flattery and corruption rise and fall. And as for both these kings, their hearts shall be to do mischief, and they shall speak lies at one table: but it shall not prosper. The king of the north defeats the south and forsakes the holy covenant. He profanes the sanctuary, removes the offerings and sets up a false god. Despite his wickedness, the people know their God is strong and will perform miracles.

There is a long period of trial and cleansing until the appointed time. The kings of the north and south gather their great armies for battle. The north will arrive like a whirlwind and conquer many countries, including Egypt, Libya, Ethiopia and the glorious land. But he will not prevail against Edom, Moab or Ammon.

This mighty northern king hears rumors from the east and north that trouble him so he sets out with his armies. His plan fails however,  And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the sea and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

Chapter 12: During that time there will be great trouble, such as never seen before, but His people, who are written in the book, will be delivered. Many of the dead will rise. Some to everlasting life, others to everlasting shame and contempt.

Daniel is told to
"shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end."  He sees two men on either sides of the river. One man, clothed in linen, asks the other how long shall it be before the end of these wonders? The other raises his hands to heaven and swears it shall be for a time, times, and a half, and after they have finished breaking up the power of the holy people.

Daniel asks "What shall be the issue of these things?" He is told to go his way "for the words are shut up and sealed till the time of the end. The godly will continue to purify themselves and the wicked will be wicked. He is told that from the time the burnt-offerings are removed and the false god installed in the sanctuary, there shall be a thousand and two hundred and ninety days...But go thou thy way till the end be; for thou shalt rest, and shalt stand in thy lot, at the end of the days."

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